Cyber threats are the “dangers” to which your entire digital network and system could be exposed to. In building a reliable security system, identifying these threats is important as it becomes the basis of how your security system is built.
To better understand these threats, we identified several categories and areas to which these threats may exist. By knowing these, one can have a good grasp of what to watch out for.
Malware and Ransomware
Malware and Ransomware are probably the most common form of cyber threats. In essence, malware and ransomware are the same. They are basically executable programs just like any other programs you install on your device only that malware and ransomware are intended to either destroy, steal or corrupt data or even systems. An old and common term for them is “virus”. Just like the biological virus, computer viruses do nothing but harm to infected devices. That’s why experts always suggest being careful whenever you install programs on your PC. Also, malware and ransomware are usually injected into devices through pirated and illegal contents. So as a rule of thumb, installing pirated software is discouraged not only because it violates intellectual property rights but it also exposes your device to various threats.
Vulnerabilities and Exploits
Vulnerabilities are backdoors or weak points in your system. Attackers identify these weak spots and launch attacks to exploit these weak points. Usually, attackers will exploit bugs on some software or operating systems. The Zerologon bug is a good example. In December of 2020, a bug in Windows Update resulted in a vulnerability known as the Zerologon bug where attackers can gain admin privileges over a system without any admin credentials. Fortunately, these vulnerabilities can be easily fixed through bug fixes in updates.
Phishing and Click baits
Phishing and Spams are technically different but both work by deceiving their target into either giving personal info (phishing) or visiting an infected web page (clickbait). Phishing and click baits exploit user ignorance and carelessness. A careless user can give critical information to an attacker through phishing. Irresponsible web browsing can also do harm to an ignorant user. As a rule of thumb, it is best to always check everything before giving any personal info or even clicking links. Since most of these kinds of attacks are executed by sending fake emails to targets, a good way of avoiding it is properly scrutinizing every email you receive. Fortunately, most email services today are smart enough to identify spam.
There are a lot more forms of attacks but these three are the most common. Also, it is best for you to consult experts like TrinSecurity for your cybersecurity needs. Nothing beats an expert explaining and implementing things.